LIST OF CHEIF MINISTERS OF MANIPUR
|01||Mairembam Koireng Singh||01 July 1963||11 January 1967||Indian National Congress|
|02||President's Rule||12 January 1967||19 March 1967|
|03||Mairembam Koireng Singh||20 March 1967||04 October 1967||Indian National Congress|
|04||Longjam Thambou Singh||13 October 1967||24 October 1967||Manipur United Front|
|05||President's Rule||25 October 1967||18 February 1968|
|06||Mairembam Koireng Singh||19 February 1968||16 October 1969||Indian National Congress|
|07||President's Rule||17 October 1969||22 March 1972|
|08||Mohammed Alimuddin||23 March 1972||27 March 1973||Indian National Congress|
|09||President's Rule||28 March 1973||03 March 1974|
|10||Mohammed Alimuddin||04 March 1974||09 July 1974||Manipur People's Party|
|11||Yangmasho Shaiza||10 July 1974||05 December 1974||Manipur Hills Union|
|12||Raj Kumar Dorendra Singh||06 December 1974||15 May 1977||Indian National Congress|
|13||President's Rule||16 May 1977||28 June 1977|
|14||Yangmasho Shaiza||29 June 1977||13 November 1979||Janata Party|
|15||President's Rule||14 November 1979||14 January 1980|
|16||Raj Kumar Dorendra Singh||14 January 1980||26 November 1980||Indian National Congress|
|17||Rishang Keishing||27 November 1980||27 February 1981||Indian National Congress|
|18||President's Rule||28 February 1981||18 June 1981|
|19||Rishang Keishing||19 June 1981||03 March 1988||Indian National Congress-Indira|
|20||Raj Kumar Jaichandra Singh||04 March 1988||22 February 1990||Indian National Congress|
|21||Raj Kumar Ranbir Singh||23 February 1990||06 January 1992|
|22||President's Rule||07 January 1992||07 April 1992|
|23||Raj Kumar Dorendra Singh||08 April 1992||10 April 1993||Indian National Congress|
|24||President's Rule||31 December 1993||13 December 1994|
|25||Rishang Keishing||14 December 1994||15 December 1997||Indian National Congress|
|26||Wahengbam Nipamcha Singh||16 December 1997||14 February 2001|
|27||Radhabinod Koijam||15 February 2001||01 June 2001||Samata Party|
|28||President's Rule||02 June 2001||06 March 2002|
|29||Okram Ibobi Singh||07 March 2002||01 March 2007||Indian National Congress|
|30||Okram Ibobi Singh||02 March 2007||
|Indian National Congress|
ELECTED POLITICAL OFFICIALS OF MANIPUR
Lok Sabha members of Manipur
|Meinya, Dr. Thokchom||INC||Inner Manipur|
|Charenamei, Shri Mani||IND||Outer Manipur (ST)|
Rajya Sabha Members of Manipur
|S.NO.||CONSTITUENCY||NAME OF MEMBER|
|Keishing Shri Rishang||Manipur||
Agriculture being the main occupation of the people of Manipur, it has an important place in the economy of the state. Agriculture sector contributes a major share to the total state domestic product and provides employment to about 52.19 percent of the total workers in Manipur.
The bustling capital city of the state lies in a heart shaped valley 790 m above sea level. This is a melting pot of various tribes that constitute the populace of Manipur. Tourist attractions in Manipur are mostly located in around the city.
This is a Vaishnavite temple built by the former King's of Manipur. The simple but beautiful structure consists of 2 domes and a large congregation hall. The shrines of Krishna and Balaram on one side and Jagannnath flank the presiding deity.
Commonwealth War Graves Commission maintains the graveyard. Little stone markers with bronze plaques on them commemorate the dead British and Indian soldiers of World War II.
The sprawling land of 200 acres boasts of over 110 rare varieties of orchids including a dozen endemic species.
It houses Sangai (the graceful brow antlered deer) at the base of pine-clad hillocks.
This is a small hill featuring relics of a historic palace and architecturally beautiful temples.
The place has a Vishnu temple with peculiar Chinese influence. Beside that, the Loktak Lake, the largest fresh water lake of the northeastern India and Red hill where a fierce battle between the British and the Japanese took place during the World War II.
This divine dance form of Manipur has spread its fame far and wide. It is also a very important one among Indian classical dance forms depicting the sublime love between lord Krishna and his consorts Radha and the Gopi's (milkmaids).
The festival is celebrated on the 15th of 7th lunar month i,e Mera in Manipuri calender (October-November) to show ching-tam (hill-valleys solidarity). The hill people who have remained away from Kangla for certain reasons came to pay homage to the king with gifts to show this solidarity with the valley people and also to indicate they were also people of this Kingdom even if they were away from them. On this day, they came adorned with traditional dresses with sword and spear at Kangla and performed traditional dances with contest of physical strength and prowess by lifting of stones. And on the part of the king he too welcomed them heartily by serving sweets.
Sajibu Cheiraoba is celebrated on the first day of 1st lunar month i,e Sajibu in Manipuri calendar ( March-April) in proclaimation of New Year according to the Meitei Calendar. It was celebrated by the king of Kangla and by individuals in their households throughout the Kingdom. In ancient days, four servants of the king mounted on horsebacks held Khok (stick made from bamboo or wood) fasten with bells proclaimed loudly the beginning of a New Year in different direction of the kingdom. On this day people adorned the deities- Sanamahi and Leimarel Sidabi with new attires by offering flowers, vegetables and sweets to them accompanied by many ritual practices.
The festival celebrated on the 28th of 12th lunar month i,e Lamta of Manipuri calendar ( February-March) is related to the Sanamahi religion. The underlying idea behind the festival is the purge oneself by dipping into the Chingoi river and then to worship the deity Nongpok Ningthou (standing) at the top of Nongmaijing Hills. The worship of Nongpok Ningthou was practiced by the Meiteis from the early period of history but the practice of Chingoi Iruppa (dipping into the Chingoi River) came into being with Meitei King Naothingkhong paying homage to the soul of his departed wife-Consort in the river Chingoi of Shelloi, her birth place.
Ningol Chakouba is celebrated on the 2nd day of 8th lunar month i,e Hiyangei in Manipuri calendar (October-November) is a calendrical festival of Manipur, in commemoration of the genuine bond of love between brother and sister especially married ones. The festival is in practice since the time of King Nongda lairen Pakhangba (33-159 AD).Laisana, royal consort of Pakhangba was invited to a feast by her brother Poireiton. With this, we have the first instance of Ningol Chakouba in Manipur. There is custom of giving present to the sister by their brother as a mark of love and sister blessing their brother in return.
The festival is based in Meitei cosmology and is celebrated during the month of Lamta ( February-March). With lasses and lads forming human chain and jumping in tune with the music being played. As they jump they retorted to the hymns being sung by a well versed singer. The singer sang the ‘Ongri’ hymns in praise of Gods and Goddess. Besides ‘ongri’ Thabal Chongba was also performed in association with the festival is to ensure peace and prosperity of the society.
Imoinu Iratpa is a religious festival celebrated on the 12th of 10th lunar i,e Wakching ( December-January), with ritual prayer to the ancestral deity. Imoinu who is venerated in every household of Manipur on phunga lairu. The deity was venerated first by the Luwang dynasty, the then Khumans and subsequently by Meitei King Chalamba at Kangla. But was from the reign of King Khunjaoba (1652-1666), deity Imoinu was venerated throughout the Kingdom in every household.
Ukai Kappa is celebrated during the month of Phairen of Meitei Calendar ( January-February). In this festival human shapes were modeled from leaves of trees or bamboos and they were shot with arrows to portend the fate and future of the Kingdom (with a view to refrain from the ill omens). The fate and future was decided by the target hit upon by the arrows on the human models.
Pakhangba Chenghongba is celebrated on the 15th of the 2nd lunar month i,e in Kalen ( April-May) by the king at Kangla with rituals (and prayer) to the deity Ibudhou Pakhangba, (Imploring/praying) for healthiness and enduring of the King and for a rich yield (of grains) to ensure peace and prosperity of the kingdom Manipur is land of festivities, fun and leap throughout the year. The region and its people are busy with the cycle of festivals and the festivals of Manipur projects their cultural, social and religious aspirations which, besides removing the monotony of life and help the people lead a better and fuller life. Apart from the indigenous festivals the place also observed several festivals from the various communities some of them are:
The festival is celebrated for five days commencing from the full moon day of Lamta (February-March), Though the festival is one of the significance festival of Hindu religion which is known as ‘Holi’ and here in Manipur too the festival is observed by the people whose religion are Hindu. Yaosang which is consider as the premier festival of Manipur and the festival is popular for Thabal Chongba-a kind of Manipuri folk dance, where boys and girls hold hands and sing and dance in a circle.(Thabal Chongba is performed since the time immemorial but after holy festival is celebrated in the state ‘Thabal Chongba’also associated with the festival.)
Ramjan ID-The festival of Manipuri Muslims-
Ramjan Id is the most festival of the Manipuri Muslims (Meitei Pangal) in Manipur and is observed in the usual spirits of joy and festivities as in other Muslim world Ramjan is the ninth month of Hijri year since the time of prophet Mohammed. This month is spent on prayers and after the month on second day of shawwal , when the new moon is visible they break fast and this fast breaking day is called Id-Ul_Fitre. On this day, they go to the mosques to offer prayers and take delicious dishes, exchange greetings and call on the friends and relatives.
Celebrated for seven days in the month of December, the Chumpha festival is a great festival of Tangkhul Nagas. The festival is held after harvest. The last three days are devoted to social gatherings and rejoicing. Unlike other festivals women play a special role in the festival. The concluding part of the festival ends with a provession within the village.
The festival is mainly observed in autumn for the different tribes of Kuki-Chin-Mizo communities of Manipur and it has been variously described at different places amongst different tribes as Chavang-Kut or Khodou etc. The festival is considered as a happy occasion for the villagers whose food stock is bountiful after a year of hard labour. And the festival is a thanks giving feasts with songs and dances in happiness and fun for all, in honour of the giver of an abundant harvest, it is observed on the first day of November every year.
The festival widely known for Kabui Tribes of Manipur is celebrated for five days in the month of Wakching (December-January). Gaang-Ngai is an important festival opens with the omen taking ceremony on the first day and the rest of the days are associated with common feast, dances of old men and women and of boys and girls, presentation of farewell gifts etc.
The festival is also observed in this small state of the North East region by the Christians of Manipur for two days on December 24 and 25. The major part of the festival are parayers, reading of Gospels, eating, singing of hymns, lectures on Christ, sports etc. And the festival is extended till January 1st on which the New Year day is also observed in some villages where inhabitants are well-off.s
Celebrated in the month of September, a festival of joy, with little religious significance along a 16 metre wide boat. Long narrow boats are used to accommodate a large number of rowers. Idol of Shri Bishnu is installed before the commencement of the race.
The festival is Ratha Yatra of Manipur. One of the greatest festivals of the Hindus of Manipur, the festival is celebrated for ten days (July). Lord Jagannath leaves his temple in a car known as ‘Kang’ in Manipur pulled by pilgrims who vie with one another for this honour.
A social festival of the Meiteis (the Vaishnavites) where the women (Ningol) are invited (Chakouba) to a feast at their parental house along with their children. It is the festival that binds and revives the family relations between the girls married away and the parents. Nowadays other communities had also started celebrating the festivals. It is held every year during the month of November.
A riot of colours and water and the various chanting of the devotees of Lord Krishna is what you will come across during this festival. Another feature of this premiere festival is the Thabal Chongba (Dancing in the Moonlight). The boys from various places will come to the site of the festival and dance with the girls by holding on to their hands and moving in circles. It is celebrated for five days starting from the full moon of Phalguna.
Another community comprising of the Kukis and the Nagas in Manipur are all Christians and celebrate Christmas for two days with prayers, reading of gospels, eating, singing of hymns, lectures on Christ, sports etc. It is usually observed on December 24 and 25.
The Manipuri Muslims observed this festival in the very spirits of joy and festivities as in other Muslim world. During this month the Muslims practice self denial by taking a fast, abstaining from smoke and drink from pre-dawn till sunset. After the second day of shawwal, when the new moon is visible they break fast which is also popularly known as Id-Ul-Fitre. They offer prayers at the mosques, have delicious dishes, exchange greetings and call on the friends and relatives. Ramjan is the ninth month of the Hijri year.
The people of Manipur clean and decorate their houses and make a sumptuous variety of dishes to feast upon after offering the food to the deity on this day. After the feast, as a part of the rituals, people climb the nearest hill tops in the belief that it would excel them to greater heights in their worldly life. It is observed during the month of April.
Celebrated for seven days in the month of December, the Chumpha festival is a great festival of the Tangkhul Nagas . The festivals is held after harvest . The last three days are devoted to social gathering and rejoicing . Unlike other festivals women play a special role in the festival . The concluding part of the festival ends with a procession within the village.
This festival is celebrated in the month of December-January after harvest for 5 (five) days. Blowing horn herald the festival, fresh fire is made with the ancient friction method and distributed in every household. Villagers, irrespective of age dressed in their best attire, keep up the dance and songs, intercepting only by short intervals of repose and break dedicated to feasting.
Performed during the seed-sowing season in April. After completion of task like clearance of jungle for cultivation everyone will drink juice (dui) of ginger (Gu). Tug of war is performed between male and female as a symbolic representation of competition between God and Goddess for possessing the paddy. If the girls win it indicates a good harvest.
Banruhmei & Tarang-
These are two feasts of merit performed by one who is bold, brave, philanthropist, generous and rich enough to feed the whole village. It is believed that if a man could perform both the feasts of merit during his lifetime, he is supposed to have accomplished his life's work. During Banruhmei various songs and dances are performed observing strict forms. The entire villagers, irrespective of age, will participate the feast, which may last a few weeks. The wife of the host will perform a special dance with a rice beer cistern of gourd, pouring it out rhythmically. Tarang (or Kaisumei) can be performed only by those who have performed Banruhmei, if he still can afford. Here the special house of merit called Tarang-kai is constructed.
this is ante-cultivation festival and it falls around the months of April and May. Thought it celebrated by all, it is a youth festival.
post-trans-plantation festival. This festival falls around the month of July. During this festival the people pray for luxurious growth the crops after thanksgiving prayer for the timely rain.
This is a pre-harvest festival. Dharreo means the plucking of the new crop. On this day the first crops, fishes, live-stocks and other items are brought out for sale in the village market. It is fete day for the village. This day specially observed in Hundung village.
This is a festival of thanksgiving for rich harvest, now gathered in the granary. The mother performs special offerings to the God of harvest and the keeper of the granary. While the mother performs her rituals all males are not allowed to enter the house, hence they outside the house for the night but with lavish supplies of eats and drinks. Because of the nature of its celebration, it is sometimes known as the Feast of the mother or the Feast of the granary. It falls around the months November and December.
This festival is not general in nature but the family which had a rich harvest celebrates this festival inviting the group of the son's or daughter's party who had worked in groups rotation-wise. This is a festival for giving special treatments to the sons and daughters.
Thisham is a festival in commemoration of the dead. It is on this occasion that the dance of the Dead is performed. This is the final rite performed by the family for the dead. It falls around the month of January.