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Friday, 12 October 2012

MADHYA PRADESH

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MADHYA PRADESH

MADHYA PRADESH

CAPITAL-BHOPAL

LIST OF CHEIF MINISTERS OF MADHYA PRADESH

#
Name
Took Office
Left Office
Political Party
01
Pt. Ravishankar Shukla
01 November 1956
31 December 1956
Indian National Congress
02
Bhagwantrao Mandloi
01 January 1957
30 January 1957
Indian National Congress
03
Kailash Nath Katju
31 January 1957
14 March 1957
Indian National Congress
04
Kailash Nath Katju
14 March 1957
11 March 1962
Indian National Congress
05
Bhagwantrao Mandloi
12 March 1962
29 September 1963
Indian National Congress
06
Dwarka Prasad Mishar
30 September 1963
08 March 1967
Indian National Congress
07
Dwarka Prasad Mishar
09 March 1967
29 July 1967
Indian National Congress
08
Govind Narayan Singh
30 July 1967
12 March 1969
Indian National Congress
09
Raja Nareshchandra Singh
13 March 1969
25 March 1969
Indian National Congress
10
Shyama Charan Shukla
26 March 1969
28 January 1972
Indian National Congress
11
Prakash Chandra Sethi
29 January 1972
22 March 1972
Indian National Congress
12
Prakash Chandra Sethi
23 March 1972
22 December 1975
Indian National Congress
13
Shyama Charan Shukla
23 December 1975
29 April 1977
Indian National Congress
President's rule
29 April 1977
25 January 1977
14
Kailash Chandra Joshi
26 January 1977
17 January 1978
Janata Party
15
Virendra Kumar Saklecha
18 January 1978
19 January 1980
Janata Party
16
Sunderlal Patwa
20 January 1980
17 February 1980
Janata Party
President's rule
18 February 1980
08 January 1980
17
Arjun Singh
08 January 1980
10 March 1985
Indian National Congress
18
Arjun Singh
11 March 1985
12 March 1985
Indian National Congress
19
Motilal Vora
13 March 1985
13 March 1988
Indian National Congress
20
Arjun Singh
14 February 1988
24 January 1989
Indian National Congress
21
Motilal Vora
25 January 1989
08 December 1989
Indian National Congress
22
Shyama Charan Shukla
09 December 1989
04 March 1990
Indian National Congress
23
Sunderlal Patwa
05 March 1990
15 December 1992
Bharatiya Janata Party
President's rule
16 December 1992
06 December 1993
24
Digvijay Singh
07 December 1993
01 December 1998
Indian National Congress
25
Digvijay Singh
01 December 1998
08 December 2003
Indian National Congress
26
Uma Bharti
08 December 2003
23 August 2004
Bharatiya Janata Party
27
Babulal Gaur
23 August 2004
29 November 2005
Bharatiya Janata Party
28
Shivraj Singh Chauhan
29 November 2005
Incumbent
Bharatiya Janata Party
29
Shivraj Singh Chauhan
2009
Incumbent
Bharatiya Janata Party

ELECTED POLITICAL OFFICIALS OF MADHYA PRADESH

Lok Sabha members of Madhya Pradesh

#
Name
Constituency
Party
01
Deshmukh, Shri K.D. Balaghat BJP
02
Dhurve , Jyoti Betul BJP
03
Argal, Shri Ashok Bhind BJP
04
Joshi, Shri Kailash Bhopal BJP
05
Kamal Nath, Shri Chhindwara INC
06
Bhiya, Shri Shivraj Damoh BJP
07
Verma, Shri Sajjan Singh Dewas INC
08
Rajukadhi, Shri Gajendra Singh Dhar INC
09
Scindia, Shri Jyotiraditya Madhvrao Guna INC
10
Scindia, Smt. Yashodhara Raje Gawalior BJP
11
Singh, Shri Udey Pratap Hoshangabad INC
12
Mahajan, Smt. Sumita Indare BJP
13
Singh, Shri Rakesh Jabalpur BJP
14
Bundela, Shri Jeetendra Singh Khajuraho BJP
15
Yadav, Shri Arun Subhashchandra Khandwa INC
16
Solanki, Shri Makhansingh Khargone BJP
17
Masram, Shri Basori Singh Mandla INC
18
Natrajan, Meenakshi Mandsour INC
19
Tomar, Shri Narendra Singh Morena BJP
20
Amlabe, Shri Narayan Singh Rajgarh INC
21
Bhuria, Shri Kantilal Ratlam INC
22
Patel, Shri Deoraj Singh Rewa BSP
23
Singh, Shri Bhupendra Sagar BJP
24
Singh, Shri Ganesh Satna BJP
25
Singh, Rajesh Nandini Shahdol INC
26
Mishra, Shri Govind Prasad Sidhi BJP
27
Virendre Kumar, Shri Tikamgarh BJP
28 Guddu, Shri Premchandra Ujjain INC
29 Swaraj, Smt. Sushma Vidisha BJP

Rajya Sabha Members of Madhya Pradesh

#
Name
Party
01
Jha Shri Prabhat
BJP
02
Kesari Shri Narayan Singh
BJP
03
Khandelwal Shri Pyarelal
BJP
04
Sharma Shri Raghunandan
BJP
05
Singh Shri Arjun
INC
06
Singh Shri Maya
BJP
07
Thirunavkkarsar Shri Su.
BJP
08
Uikey Miss Anusuiya
BJP
09
Verma Shri Vikram
BJP

OCCUPATION

The main occupation of the people of Madhya Pradesh is agriculture. The crops cultivated are jowar (sorghum),rice,wheat and some varieties of coarse millets. Soya bean is also produced on a large scale. Other commercial crops are cotton,sugarcane and some oil seeds like sesame.

FOOD

DRESS

LANGUAGE

  • Hindi
  • Urdu
  • Marathi
  • Sindhi
  • Punjabi
  • Gujrati
  • IMPORTANT PLACE

    Taj-ul-Masjid-

    The most important monument in Bhopal is the Taj-ul-Masjid, built by Sultan Jehan Begum in 1878 but was left unfinished for 100 years before being completed in 1971. This large, pink coloured structure has an imposing double storeyed gate-way with 4 recessed archways and 9 imposing cusped multi-foiled openings in the main prayer hall. The enormous courtyard of the mosque has a dukka (water tank) for ritual ablutions. The general ambience of the mosque is majestic.

    Jami Masjid-

    Dominating the centre of the old quarter is a beautiful mosque – the Jami Masjid. Built in 1837 by Qudsia Begum, the mosque is adorned with gold finals. It is surrounded by shops selling silver ornaments which are quite attractive.

    Moti masjid-

    Moti Masjid, built in 1860 by Sikander Jehan, daughter of Kudsia Begum, is a replica of Delhi’s Jami Masjid (Jami or Jama..pls chk). Its stripped dome and tapering sandstone minarets are eye-catching.

    Laxminarayan Temple-

    Laxminarayn Temple on the Arera Hills is a large, recently built and brightly painted temple overlooking the Lower Lake.

    Mahavirgiri-

    Mahavirgiri, the highest point in Bhopal, has a recently built temple. The site offers a great panoramic view of the city. You can use the ropeway or drive up to reach the top.

    Monuments

    Shaukat Mahal-

    Shaukat Mahal, situated at the entrance to the Chowk area is a fine example of Indo-Saracenic architecture. Built by a French mercenary, this 19th century palace is a blend of modern and Islamic architecture. Several government offices are housed here.

    Bharat Bhavan-

    A large cultural complex, Bharat Bhavan was built in 1982 to promote India’s tribal and folk art heritages. The complex has a museum of arts, an art gallery, a workshop for fine arts, a repertory theater, indoor and outdoor auditoria, a rehearsal room and libraries of Indian poetry, classical and folk music.

    Bharat Bhavan is also the venue for regular performances of theatre, music and dance in the evenings. The complex is open from 2 pm to 8 pm everyday except Mondays.

    State Archeological Museum

    The Madhya Pradesh State Archeological Museum, located near Banganga Road has a good collection of 12th century Jain bronzes, found in Dhar district in the western MP. It has also a series of stone sculptures mostly from the 6th to 10th centuries. There is also a black granite image of standing Buddha preserved in the museum.

    The shop inside the museum sells good plaster replicas of some sculptures.

    Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya-

    The Indira Gandhi National Museum of Mankind is a unique museum spread over an area of 200 acres of undulating land on the Shamla Hills overlooking the Upper Lake. It has authentic replicas of Indian tribal dwellings, built by the tribal people themselves.

    The museum represents tribal cultures of the whole country through a comprehensive display of utensils, ritual objects, musical instruments, tools, murals, carvings, jewellery and costumes.

    Birla Museum-

    The Birla museum, located near the Laxminarayan temple has fine collection of stone sculptures dating from the 7th and 12th centuries. Hindu Gods like Shiva, Vishnu and various goddesses are shown in their different incarnations. The museum also has excellent collection of sculptures from Raisen, Sehore, Mandsaur and Shahdol districts of Madhya Pradesh.

    Parks & Gardens

    Van Vihar National Park-

    One of the most enchanting sites to visit in Madhya Pradesh is the Van Vihar National Park, a safe habitat for white tigers. Visitors can go for a safari sometime during the afternoon when these rare creatures come to the edge for evening meal. The zoo is also home to tigers, lions, leopards and Himalayan bears.

    Beaches & Lakes

    Upper and Lower lakes-

    Bhopal city stretches along the shores of two artificial lakes – the Upper Lake and Lower Lake. The Upper Lake is separated from the Lower Lake by an over bridge. M. P. Tourism's Boat Club on the Upper Lake provides facilities for exciting trips by sail, paddle and motor boats.

    FESTIVALS

    Madai Fair-

    In the tribal villages of Bastar the Madai fairs record their social consideration as of vital importance to all the ethnic groups of the area. The Madai fairs of Narayanpur, Kondagaon, Dantewara and Dhanara, falls within February, March and April every year.

    Khajuraho Festival of Dances-

    Every ancient monument has a fascinating story to tell. But few match the mystery wrapped around the temples of Khajuraho in central India. Once the capital of the great Chandela Kings, Khajuraho today is a quiet village of a few thousand people. It is also the setting of the Khajuraho Festival of Dances which draws the best classical dancers in the country every year, who perform against the spectacular backdrop of the floodlit temples. With international status under the Government of India programme categories, this seven-day extravaganza is a unique treat for connoisseurs from all over the world.

    Tansen Music Festival, Gwalior-

    Madhya Pradesh occupies a special position in the history of Indian music. The Gwalior gharana is among the most prominent arbiters of the classical style. Raja Mansingh's patronage of Dhrupad singers is well known. A pillar of Hindustani classical music, the great Tansen, one of the 'nine jewels' of Akbar's court, lies buried in Gwalior. The memorial to this great musician has a pristine simplicity, and is built in the early Mughal architectural style. More than a monument, the Tansen Tomb is a part of Gwalior's living cultural heritage. It is the venue of the annual Indian classical festival held here in November-December. Renowned classical singers of the land regale audiences through five mesmerizing night-long sessions of the much-loved classical ragas.

    The Fair of Nagaji-

    This fair or mela is a way of remembering and paying respect to Saint Nagaji who lived at the time of Emperor Akbar, nearly 400 years ago. Tribals flock to Porsa village in Murena district every winter and make merry for as long as a month. Earlier monkeys were sold at this fair, but now domestic animals top the charts.

    Karam-

    Karam or Karma is the festival of the Oraon, Baiga, Binjhawar and Majhwar tribes. It occurs in the month of Bhadra. The centre of the ritual consists in the cutting of three branches of Karam tree (Gonds fetch branches of Kalmi or galdu tree) and their installation in the 'akhara' or dancing ground. The branches are called the 'Karam Raja'. The entry of the branches into the village is accompanied by dancing and after the installation Karam dancers revolve round the Raja through the night. The following morning the branches are garlanded and the Karam legend is recited. Flowers are then thrown over the Raja and offerings of curd and rice are made. Red karan baskets full of grain are also put before the branches and some ceremonially nurtured barley seedlings are distributed among the boys and girls who put the yellow blades in their hair. The blessing of Karam Raja is then sought and the branches are taken up and carried by women through the village.

    Laru Kaj-

    Laru Kaj is the festival of Gonds which is associated with the pig sacrifice. The ceremony is considered the pig's wedding in honour of Narayan Dev. This sacrifice is supposed to be done by every family once in nine or twelve years for prosperity, health and happiness. All the relatives come and stay at the host's house for several days. Invitation is sent to many persons in the village to join the ceremony. 'Laru' means bridegroom and 'Kaj' refers to a 'Solemn occasion'. It also means ceremony or marriage.

    Bhagoria Festival-

    Held in the Jhabua district, the Bhagoriya is to the Bhils what the Madai is to the Gonds – a festival of fun and joy. It is held a week before the Hindu festival of colors, Holi. Men and women celebrate it with ritual dancing to the beat of drums and thalis and the sweet melody of shehnai and bansuri (flutes). Bhagoradev or the god of dance is worshipped on this occasion. The most respected village elder presides over the ceremony and offers sweetmeats to the god. The festival is special foSr Bhils because it could well mean love, romance and even marriage. Young men go around applying gulal (red colored powder used to play Holi with) to the girls they like. If a girl reciprocates the sentiment then she too applies gulal in return and that is all the permission a young man needs to marry her. Even the mutual exchange of pan or betel leaf is a declaration of love.

    Chethiyagiri Vihara Festival-

    A Buddhist festival held at Sanchi at the end of November, Chethiyagiri Vihara Festival in Madhya Pradesh is attended by thousands of Buddhists monks and pilgrims. They attend the festival to view the relics of Buddha's two initial disciples whose remains were discovered in Stupa 3 (as listed at Sanchi) in 1853. The two disciples, whose relics are the center of this festival, were Sari Puttha and Maha Moggallana. The adivasis of MP have a zest for life that can be observed from the countless tribal fairs and festivals celebrated every year. Clad in their colorful best with loads of jewellery, flowers and fancy headgear, men and women set out days in advance to reach the site of the fair or festival. Let’s check out some of them.

    Shivratri Mela in Madhya Pradesh-

    Though celebrated throughout India, Shivratri Mela at Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh, is a unique experience. Held in February or March, depending on whether the last day of phalgun falls in which month, the festival is attended by lakhs of devotees of Lord Shiva who rests in a shrine on the Satpura Range. The Mahadeo Temple is decked up with tridents that the devotees bring along and plant them on Chauragarh Hill that is nearby.

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