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Friday, 12 October 2012

KERALA

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KERALA

KERALA

CAPITAL-THIRUVANTHAPURAM

LIST OF CHEIF MINISTERS OF KERALA

#
Name
Took Office
Left Office
Party
01
E.M.S. Namboodiripad
05 April 1957
31 July 1957
Communist Party Of India
02
Pattom Thanupillai
22 February 1960
26 September 1962
Praja Socialist Party
03
R. Sankar
26 September 1962
10 September 1964
Indian National Congress
04
E.M.S. Namboodiripad
06 March 1967
01 November 1969
Communist Party Of India(Marxist)
05
C. Achutha Menon
01 November 1969
01 August 1970
Communist Party Of India
06
C. Achutha Menon
04 October 1970
25 March 1977
Communist Party Of India
07
K. Karunakaran
25 March 1977
25 April 1977
Indian National Congress
08
A.K.Antony
27 April 1977
27 October 1978
Indian National Congress
09
P.K.Vasudevan Nair
29 October 1978
07 October 1979
Comunist Party Of India
10
C.H.Mohammed Koya
12 October 1997
01 December 1979
Indian Union Muslim League
11
E.K.Nayanar
25 January 1980
20 October 1981
Communist Party Of India(Marxist)
12
K.Karunakaran
28 December 1981
17 March 1982
Indian National Congress
13
K.Karunakaran
24 May 1982
25 March 1987
Indian National Congress
14
E.K.Nayanar
26 March 1987
17 June 1991
Communist Party Of India(Marxist)
15
K.Karunakaran
24 June 1991
16 March 1995
Indian National Congress
16
A.K.Antony
22 March 1995
09 May 1996
Indian National Congress
17
E.K.Nayanar
20 May 1996
13 May 2001
Communist Party Of India(Marxist)
18
A.K.Antony
17 May 2001
29 August 2004
Indian National Congress
19
Oommen Chandy
31 August 2004
18 May2006
Indian National Congress
20
V.S.Achuthanandan
18 May 2006
14 May 2011
Communist Party Of India(Marxist)
21
Oommen Chandy
May 2011
Incumbent
Indian National Congress

ELECTED POLITICAL OFFICIALS OF KERALA

Lok Sabha Members of Kerala

S.NO. CONSTITUENCY NAME OF MEMBER PARTY
01
Alappuzha
Venugopal , Shri K.C.
INC
02
Alathur
Biju , Shri P.K.
 CPI(M)
03
Attingal
Sampath , Shri Anirudhan
 CPI(M)
04
Chalakudy
Dhanaplan , Shri K.P.
INC
05
Emakulam
Thomas , Prof. K.V.
INT 
06
Idukki
Thomas , Shri P.T.
INT 
07
Kannur
Sudhankaran , Shri K.
 INT
08
Kasaragod
Karunakaran , Shri P.
 CPI(M)
09
Kollam
Peethambarakurup , Shri N.
 INT
10
Kottayam
Mani , Shri Jose K.
 KEC(M)
11
Kozhikode
Raghavan , Shri M.K.
INT 
12 Malappuram Ahamad , Shri E.
MLKSC 
13 Mavelikkara Kodikunnil , Shri Suresh
INT 
14 Palakkad Rajesh , Shri M.B.
CPI(M) 
15 Pathanamthitta Antony , Shri Anto Punnathaniyil
 INT
16 Ponnani Basheer, Shri E.T. Muhammed
 MLKSC
17 Thiruvananthapuram Tharoor , Dr. Shashi
 INT
18 Thrissur Chacko , Shri P.C.
 INT
19 Vadakara Mullappally , Shri Ramachandran
INT 
20 Wayanad Shanavas , Shri M.I.
INT 

Rajya Sabha Members of Kerala

#
Name
Party
01
Abdul Wahab Peevee Shri
ML
02
Achuthan Shri M.P.
CPI
03
Antony Shri A.K.
INC
04
Ismail Shri K.E.
CPI
05
Kurien Prof. P.J.
INC
06
Rajan Shri P.R.
CPI(M)
07
Rajeeve Shri P.
CPI(M)
08
Ravi Shri Vayalar
INC
09
Vijayaraghavan Shri A.
CPI(M)

OCCUPATION

Agriculture-

Majority of the population are agrarian. Rice, coffee, tea, rubber and various spices are the main cultivations of Kerala. The highlands of Kerala have plantations of tea and coffee. Rice and other vegetations are found in the lowlands. Kerala is the spice capital of India and various spices are exported to Indian states and foreign countries.

Fishing-

Fishing is a source of livelihood to majority of people; the fishing community mostly lives in the seashores and backwater villages. Lots of fresh sea fish are exported to various parts of the country. The modern transportation helped to get a good market. Fishing isn’t a source of livelihood only, now it is a part of cultural life.

Human Potential Export-

Kerala has highest NRIs in various parts of the world. Skilled workers and highly educated youngsters migrate to Gulf and western countries in search of better income. Immigration rate is increasing to other west countries of the world except Gulf countries.

FOOD

DRESS

IMPORTANT PLACE

Kovalam Beach

The beauty of Kerala cannot be just written or explained, it has to be experienced. Fringed with coconut palms that carpet the land from hills to shores, Kerala, the south-western state of India, is a land of many enchantments and a number of places to see. Emerald green backwaters drench every pockets of this leaf-shaped country. Sun-kissed golden sands sprawled on the pristine Kerala beaches snatch every emotion of a solitary traveller. Dark, deep forest reserves carrying spicy aroma houses many exotic species in their sleeves. And above all, it is the magic of Ayurveda, that refreshes you again and again for a more exhilarating journey and you continue to do so in this God's Own Country.

Famous Places in Kerala-

  • Thiruvananthapuram
  • Munnar
  • Thekkady
  • Thrissur
  • Kasargod
  • Kochi
  • Alleppey
  • Kollam
  • Palakkad
  • Malappuram
  • Kozhikode
  • Wayanad
  • KottayamS
  • Kannur

LANGUAGE

  • Malayalam
  • FESTIVALS

    Onam Festival-

    Onam is celebrated in Kerala when the August monsoon rains give way to the pleasant warmth of autumn. Onam is the celebration of the return of Mahabali, the once and future king. This king ruled "when all men were equal, when no one was poor, when there was neither theft nor dread of thieves.

    Kerala Boat Festivals-

    On the great backwaters of Kerala, fierce Vallom Kallies (boat races) and water carnivals erupt every year in a dramatic spectacle and hold tens of thousands of people spell-bound, cheering the action, laying bets, goading the boatmen to row faster. The water carnivals and snake boat races herald the week of the great harvest festival of Onam. It is Kerala's most important celebration and in scores of villages spread across central Kerala, competitive races featuring the smaller churulans, oadis, and irrutukuthies provide expression to the spirit of an intrepid, athletic people, born and bread near water.

    Vishu Festival-

    Vishu falls on the first of Medam (March-April), which is the Malayali New Year's Day. Since it is considered propitious to view good things on this day for year round good fortune, Vishu morning is an important time in Kerala.

    Thrissur Pooram Festival-

    The most spectacular festival of Kerala is Thrissur Pooram. Sakthan Thampuran, the Maharaja of erstwhile Kochi state, introduced this festival. Celebrated in Medom (April-May) the festival parades the fulgent faces of Kerala culture. With every passing year Tthrissur Pooram, the temple festival, attracts large masses of devotees and spectators to Kerala.

    Payippad Jelotsavam Festival-

    Payippad Jelotsavam held in memory for the Prathista ceremony of Haripad Subramanya temple and therefore has a religious significance. This festival is celeberated for three days commencing from the Onam festival day. Snake boat processions are taken out on the first two days and competitive boat race take place on the third day.

    Attukal Pongala Festival-

    Attukal Pongala this is the one and the only temple festival in the world where lakhs of women assembled together to make offerings by cooking a pudding for the goddess in the Attukal temple. It is taken home after the chief priest of the temple will come and sprinkle the holy water and will shower the flowers. This festival will come to an end in the evening with a procession from the temple.

    Makaravillakku at Sabarimala Festival-

    For centuries, Sabarimala in Pathanamthitta has been a major pilgrim centre in Kerala attracting lakhs of devotees from all over India, more so from the southern states. The presiding deity is Lord Ayyappa known as Dharma Sastha, a considered symbol of unity between Vaishnavites and Saivites.

    Christmas Festival-

    With a large number of Christian population in Kerala, Christmas is a festival that is celebrated with much vigour and enthusiasm in the state. Easter is also an important festival in the state. The numerous churches that are spread across the state brighten up around this time.

    Theyyam Festival-

    Theyyam is one of the popular festivals of Kerala. It is the worship of the deity; on the other hand, the dancer is also the deity. Theyyam celebrates primarily the Mother Goddess. Animals, serpents and trees also figure in worship.

    Other important festivals of Kerala are Eid, Muharram, and other festivals that are traditionally celebrated all over the country.

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