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Friday, 12 October 2012

JAMMU & KASHMIR

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JAMMU & KASHMIR

JAMMU & KASHMIR

CAPITAL-SRINAGAR

LIST OF CHEIF MINISTERS OF JAMMU & KASHMIR

#
NAME
TOOK OFFICE
LEFT OFFICE
PARTY
01
Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq
30 March 1965
12 December 1971
Indian National Congress
02
Syed Mir Qasim
12 December 1971
25 February 1975
Indian National Congress
03
Narayan karki badddge#2176
25 February 1975
26 March 1977
Indian National Congress
04
President's Rule
26 March 1977
9 March 1977
-
05
Sheikh Abdullah
9 March 1977
8 September 1982
Indian National Congress
06
Farooq Abdullah
8 September 1982
02 July 1984
Indian National Congress
07
Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq
02 July 1984
06 March 1986
Awami National Conference
08
President's Rule
06 March 1986
07 November 1986
-
09
Farooq Abdullah
07 November 1986
19 January 1990
National Conference
10
President's Rule
19 January 1990
09 October 1996
-
11
Farooq Abdullah
09 October 1996
18 October 2002
National Conference
12
President's Rule
18 October 2002
02 November 2002
-
13
Mufti Mohammad Sayeed
02 November 2002
02 November 2005
People's Democratic Party
14
Ghulam Nabi Azad
02 November 2005
11 July 2008
Indian National Congress
15
President's Rule
11 July 2008
05 January 2009
-
16
Omar Abdullah
05 January 2009
Present
National Conference

ELECTED POLITICAL OFFICIALS OF JAMMU & KASHMIR

Lok Sabha members of Jammu & Kashmir

#
NAME
PARTY
Constituency
01
Beg,Shri Mirza Mehboob
J&KNC
Anantnag
02
Shariq,Shri Sharief Ud Din
J&KNC
Baramulla
03
Sharma,Shri Madan Lal
INC
Jammu
04
Khan,Shri Hassan
IND.
Ladakh
05
Abdullah,Dr.Farooq
J&KNC
Srinagar
06
Singh,Chaudhary Lal
INC
Udhampur

Rajya Sabha Members of Jammu & Kashmir

#
NAME
PARTY
01
Azad Shri Ghulam Nabi
INC
02
Shafi Shri Mohammad
J&KNC
03
Soz Prof.Saif-Ud-Din
INC

OCCUPATION

Most of the Kashmiri people work on farms.Much of the farmland is under intense cultivation, producing corn, wheat, rice and saffron amongst other crops. Fruit and nuts are also produced in quantities including pears, apples and walnuts.

FOOD

DRESS

LANGUAGE

  • Urdu
  • Dogri
  • Ladakhi
  • Kashmiri
  • IMPORTANT PLACE

    Tourist Attractions In Jammu & Kashmir

    Tourist attractions in Jammu and Kashmir are spread over all three regions-

    Jammu-

    The southernmost region of the state is nestled at the foothills of the Pir Panjal Mountains.

    The rivers Ravi, Tawi and Chenab make their way through the region carving spectacular gorges.

    Jammu is known as the city of temples as a number of temples wrapped in age-old myths dot the area. Also there are quite a few forts and palaces.

    Some important places of interest are: Ranbireshwar Temple, Raghunath Temple, Bahu Fort & Gardens, Peer Baba, Mahamaya Temple, Lakshmi Narayan temple, Amar Mahal Palace, Sudh Mahadev temple, Gauri Kund, Mansar Lake, Purmandal.

    Apart from these, 48kms away from Jammu, the shrine of the Goddess Vaishnodevi is one of the most important tourist attractions in Jammu and Kashmir. It is considered one of the most sacred places worship among the Hindus.

    Kashmir-

    In the resplendent valley of Kashmir, the nature in this region keeps changing her wardrobe lending it different hues in every season.

    Mughal Gardens-

    The Mughal emperor fell in love with the landscape of lily-laden lakes inn the backdrop of mighty Himalayas. They decorated the city of Srinagar with manicured waterfront gardens, now collectively known as the Mughal Gardens.

    Shikaras(houseboats)-

    The city has quite a few picturesque lakes rimmed with Shikaras (houseboats). Some important attractions in Kashmir valley are: Shalimar Bagh, Nishat Bagh, Chashma Shahi, Pari Mahal, Hazratbal Mosque, Jama Masjid, Shankaracharya Temple, Makhdoom Sahib, Martand, Awantipur.

    Gulmarg-

    The mountain resort of Gulmarg lies close to Srinagar within this valley. At an altitude of 2,650mtrs it is the highest green golf course in the world and a premier ski resort in the winter.

    Pahalgam-

    Situated at the confluence of the streams flowing from Sheshnag Lake and the river Lidder, Pahalgam is a hill station of breathtaking beauty. At a distance of 46 Kms from Pahalgam and 141 Kms from Srinagar, Amarnathji is an important pilgrimage in the region. Devout Hindus undertake the long tedious trek to reach the caves during the months of July-August, when icon of Lord Shiva, is formed naturally of an ice-stalagmite.

    Ladakh-

    The region of Ladakh bears close similarity to the barren moonscape. Here snowcapped mountains of the Great Himalayas and the Karakoram reach several thousands feet up to the arch of azure sky. Quaint little hamlets and crumbling old monasteries hide in the rocky cliffs. The prayer flags flutter in the wind and the river Indus meanders gracefully through the towering willows and poplars.

    Leh-

    Leh is the most significant town in the region, which also serves as the base for exploring further towards the Himalayas.

    Important sites in Leh-Ladakh region are: Leh palace, Shey Palace, Stok Palace, monasteries of Phiyang, Hemis, Thiksey, Likir, Spituk, Alchi, Lakes of Pangong and Tso-moriri etc.

    If you have a passion for adventure, you can also opt for river rafting, mountain climbing and trekking.

    FESTIVALS

    Lohri-

    This much-awaited festival in the Jammu province marks the culmination of the cold season and is celebrated through out the state with great excitement. During this festival the locals take a dip in the holy rivers in different parts of the state. In the province of Kashmir the special feature that marks the festival of Lohri is the Chajja dance. The young crowds in this state prepare `chajjas` with colored bits of paper and then dance on the street to the rhythm of drumbeats. Traditional songs and dances also enhance the spirit of the festive celebrations.

    Baisakhi-

    The festival of Baisakhi is held on the first day in the month of Baisakh according to the Hindu calendar or on the 13th day in the month of April according to the English calendar. This is one of the most important festivals in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It also holds special significance for the Sikhs of the Jammu region as it marks the beginning of their New Year. As the origins of this festival can be traced in the rural agrarian tradition this festival is celebrated throughout the state to bid a final farewell to the season of winter. The traditional Bhangra dance also forms a part of the cultural performances during this festival. This festival is also considered auspicious for marriages.

    Navaratri-

    Navaratri is one of the most important festivals in Jammu and Kashmir. It is a nine days festival dedicated to Goddess Durga. Navaratri means "nine nights". During this festival the province of Jammu is crowded with pilgrims and devotees on the way to or returning from the shrine carrying staves and wearing `mauli`, garlands and amulets. The entire region wears a very multidimensional look. This festival falls in the month of Ashwin or in the months of September/ October. The tenth day of the festival holds special significance as offerings are made to Durgadevi.

    Maha Shivratri-

    Maha Shivratri is a very popular festival in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, which literally means "the night of Shiva". This festival falls on the 13th or 14th day of the dark half of Phalgun or in the months of February/March. Maha Shivratri is observed in honor of Lord Shiva and it is believed that on this day Lord Shiva was married to Goddess Parvati. This festival takes place for three days in this state and is celebrated with much ebullience at Billavar, Purmandal and Jhandi.

    Diwali-

    Diwali is celebrated in the state of Jammu and Kashmir with as much fun and exuberance as in the whole country. The whole city of Jammu and Kashmir brightens up with lot of excitement in the air. Diwali in Jammu is not only about mere excitement, it is much more than one can actually imagine. The people of this state take an active part in the celebrations and decorate their houses much in advance. This festival comes as a great occasion for buying new things. For the young and the old alike it is a day of unrestrained merry making and they indulge themselves in playing with firecrackers and distribution of sweets. It is also one of the oldest rituals for Kashmiri Pundits.

    Chaitre Chaudash-

    This festival is celebrated usually in the months of March/April at Uttar Behni, which is about 25 kilometers from Jammu. This auspicious festival holds a special religious significance. This is so called because in the national language of the Indian subcontinent it signifies that the Devak River flows towards the North.

    Basant Panchami-

    This festival is celebrated in Jammu and Kashmir with as much pomp and fervor as that of the whole country. In this state Basant Panchami is celebrated to welcome the season of spring after the dead and decay of the winter season. During this festival the bird loving Kashmiris prepare yellow rice, prepare small balls of rice and then throws them on the terrace for the birds to consume. People celebrate this joyous festival with much ebullience and the main attraction of this festival is kite flying.

    Muslim Festivals-

    The Muslim festivals of Jammu and Kashmir are celebrated with equal ├ęclat and pious enthusiasm. During the month of Ramzan the Muslims abstain from drinking during the day. After sunset they break their fasts and then proceeds to have their usual dinner. They observe the religious rites and rituals with much veneration.

    Purmandal Mela-

    Purmandal is 39 kms from Jammu city. On Shivratri, the town wears a festive look and for three days as people celebrate the marriage of Lord Shiva to Goddess Parvati. The people of Jammu also come out in their colourful best to celebrate Shivratri at Peer Khoh, the Ranbireshwar Temple and the Panjbhaktar Temple.

    Jhiri Mela-

    An annual fair is held in the name of Baba Jitu, a simple and honest farmer who preferred to kill himself rather than submit to the unjust demands of the local landlord to part with his crop. He killed himself in the village of Jhiri, 14 kms from Jammu. A legend has grown around the Baba and his followers congregate at Jhiri on the appointed day from every corner of North India; they revere him for his compassion, courage and honesty.

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