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Friday, 12 October 2012

HARYANA

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HARYANA

HARYANA

CAPITAL-CHANDIGARH

LIST OF CHEIF MINISTERS OF HARYANA

#
NAME
TOOK OFFICE
LEFT OFFICE
PARTY
01 Pandit BhagwatDayal Sharma 01 November 1966 23 March 1967
Indian National Congress
02 Rao Birender Singh 24 March 1967 02 November 1968
Vishal Haryana Party
03 Bansi Lal 22 May 1968 30 November 1975
Indian National Congress
04 Banarsi Das Gupta 01 December 1975 30 April 1977
Indian National Congress
05 Chaudhary Devi Lal 21 June 1977 28 June 1979 Janata Party
06 Bhajan Lal 29 June 1979 22 January 1980 Janata Party
07 Bhajan Lal 22 January 1980 05 July 1985 Indian National Congress
08 Bhajan Lal 05 July 1985 19 June1987
Indian National Congress
09 Chaudhary Devi Lal 17 July 1987 02 December 1989
Janata Dal
10 Om Prakash Chautala 02 December 1989 22 May 1990
Janata Dal
11 Banarsi Das Gupta 22 May 1990 12 July 1990
Janata Dal
12 Om Prakash Chautala 12 July 1990 17 July 1990 Janata Dal
13 Hukam Singh 17 July 1990 21 March 1991
Janata Dal
14 Om Prakash Chautala 22 March 1991 06 May 1991
Samajvadi Janata Party
15 Bhajan Lal 23 July 1991 09 May 1996
Indian National Congress
16 Bhajan Lal 11 May 1996 23 July 1999
Haryana Vikas Party
17 Om Prakash Chautala 24 July 1999 04 March 2005
Indian National Lok Dal
18 Bhupinder Singh Hooda April , 2005 October , 2009 Indian National Congress
19 Bhupinder Singh Hooda 25 October 2009
Present
Indian National Congress

ELECTED POLITICAL OFFICIALS OF HARYANA

Lok Sabha members of Haryana

# CONSTITUENCY NAME OF MEMBER PARTY
01
Ambala Selja, Kumari INC
02 Bhiwani-Mahendragarh Choudhy, Smt. Shruti INC
03 Faridabad Bhadana, Shri Avtar Singh INC
04 Gurgaon Roa, Shri Inderjit Singh INC
05 Hisar Bhajan Lal, Shri HJC
06 Karnal Sharma, Dr. Arvind Kumar INC
07 Kurukshrtra Jindal, Shri Naveen INC
08 Rohtak Hooda, Shri Deepender Singh INC
09 Sirsa Tanwar, Shri Ashok INC
10 Sonipat Singh, Shri Jitender INC

Rajya Sabha members of Haryana

# NAME OF MEMBER PARTY
01
Bhardwaj Shri Hans Raj INC
02 Chautala Shri Ajay Singh INLC
03 Ram Prakash Dr. INC
04 Singh Shri Ishwar INC
05 Singh Sardar Tarlochan IND

OCCUPATION

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Haryana. About 70% of the population is depended upon agriculture for their livelihood. Haryana is self-sufficient in food grains production and one of the top contributors of food grains to the Central pool. It contributes 40 to 45 lakh tonnes of food grains to the Central pool which is the second largest. The world famous Basmati rice produced in Haryana finds an easy market abroad. The state of Haryana has a geographical area of 44.20 lakh hectare. About 86% of the geographical area is cultivable, of which 96% has already been brought under plough. About 75% of the cultivated area in the state is irrigated, wherein the contribution of tube wells / pumping sets is about 50%. The cropping intensity in the state is nearly 170%.

FOOD

DRESS

IMPORTANT PLACE

Haryana Temples

Haryana Gurdwaras

Muslim Shrines

Churches

Haryana Pilgrim Destinations

Forts

Wild Life Sanctuaries

Haryana Tourist Points

Haryana Golf Tourism

Haryana Adventure Tourism

Haryana Museums

Haryana Hotels

Badkhal Lake

Dabchick

Ibrahim Lodhis Tomb

Karna Lake

Magpie

Saras

Skylark

Sohna

Yadavindra Gardens

LANGUAGE

  • Hindi
  • Urdu
  • Sanskrit
  • FESTIVALS

    Holi-

    The festival of Holi assumes an entirely new color in the state of Haryana and hence a different name is associated with the ‘festival of colors’, known as ‘Dulandi Holi’. Fun and frolic is also redefined in various forms in the festive celebrations here. People greet each other with colors and thus enhance the feeling of harmony due to which happiness prevails. The tradition of breaking pots is celebrated with much gusto here. It is an extreme pleasure watching the human pyramid breaking the pot of buttermilk high up in the street.

    Diwali-

    Diwali is celebrated with much enthusiasm in Haryana and is celebrated all over the state in the middle of the month of Kartik. ‘Choti Diwali’ or ‘Small Diwali’ comes first and the religious rites and traditions are celebrated with utmost sincerity and devotion. Rice and sugar are put in vessels with a paisa placed on the top and are given away to Brahmin and girls. It is in the name of the deceased ancestors that the ceremony is performed. The rich and trading classes specially consider it as their own festival.

    Lohri-

    Lohri is celebrated in the state of Haryana just before the day of Makar Sankranti. For the community of Punjabis the festival of Lohri is a very special festival. This auspicious and joyous festival celebrates fertility and the spark of life. The religious rites and traditions are observed with great devotion. All the locals gather round the bonfire throw sweets, puffed rice and popcorn into the flames. They also indulge themselves in merriment by singing songs and exchanging greetings. The first Lohri of a newly wedded bride and newly born child is extremely important.

    Basant Panchami-

    This festival is celebrated in Haryana with as much pomp and fervor as that of the whole country. In this state Basant Panchami is celebrated to welcome the season of spring after the dead and decay of the winter season. People celebrate this joyous festival with much ebullience and the main attraction of this festival is kite flying.

    Gangore-

    The festival of Gangore is celebrated on Chet Sudi-3 or in the months of March/April. Huge idols of Gangore and Ishar are taken out in a procession and devotional melodies are sung in praise of the Lord till they are immersed in the water. This is mainly regarded as a springtime festival and is observed in the honor of the Goddess of abundance, Gauri.

    Baisakhi-

    The festival of Baisakhis is a very important one for the Punjabis in the state of Haryana and is celebrated with joyous music and dancing. It falls every year on 13th April and once in 36 years it falls on 14th April. It was on this particular day that the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, better known as Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa in the year 1699. The Sikhs on this day visits the Gurdwaras and listen to Kirtans. After the religious rites and traditions get over sweetened semolina is served to the masses. The function ends with ‘langar’ or the community lunch. Mock duels and bands playing religious tunes form part of the processions. This festival is also marked as the last opportunity for relaxing before they start harvesting of corn.

    Teej-

    This festival is celebrated on Sawan Sudi. It is celebrated to the welcome the season of monsoon. After the first showers of rainy season, a small insect called Teej in the state of Haryana comes out from the earth’s soil. All the girls are excused from the household chores on this day as they apply henna on their hands and feet. They also receive new clothes from their parents. The puja or the worship is performed early in the morning and the ‘baya’ which consists of various foodstuff is placed on a platter at the place of worship. A decorated ‘chowk’ or square is also kept over there and an idol or picture of Goddess Parvati is installed. Different cultural performances are kept exclusively for the evening.

    Nirjala Akadshi-

    This festival forms a very important part in the lives of the women in the state of Haryana. It is celebrated in the month of Jaisth or the months of May/June according tpo the English calendar. The women folks perform some religious rites and rituals for the welfare of their family. They keep fast for the whole and also remain abstained from water.

    Janmashtami-

    The birthday of Lord Krishna, the incarnation of Lord Vishnu which is popularly known as Janmashtami is celebrated in Haryana along with the whole country with much dynamism and exuberance. All the temples of the state are vibrantly embellished. During this festival many legends of Shri Krishna’s life, including his exploits and his amorous dalliances with the gopies are enacted in the Raaslila. Bathing the image of infant Krishna and then placing it on a silver cradle are included in the ceremonies of midnight. This festival is also celebrated with a special fervor by the people of Brij Bhoomi area.

    Guggapir-

    This festival is celebrated on the next day of Janmashtami. This festival is celebrated by both the Hindu and the Islam community and reflects the true secular spirit in the state of Haryana. A dance procession is also taken out in which the Panch Pirs are the main dancers. They sing songs in the honor and praise of Gugga.

    Dussehra-

    In the state of Haryana the festival of Dussehra is celebrated just before Diwali. This festival is being associated with the great epic Ramayana. The Brahmins are fed on these days in memory of the deceased members of the family. The Shradas are followed by the Nauratas. On this day pudding or ‘halwa’ is eaten with rice and curd. All the members of the family except the women folks put stalks of green oats on their heads. On the last day huge idols of King Ravana are burnt all over the city at night and mark the victory of the good over the evil.

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