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Wednesday, 15 August 2012

BIHAR

Filled under:

BIHAR

BIHAR

CAPITAL-PATNA

LIST OF CHEIF MINISTERS OF BIHAR

#
Name
Took Office
Left Office
Political Party
01
Sri Krishna Singh [3]
02 April 1946
31 January 1961
Indian National Congress
02
Deep Narayan Singh
01 February 1961
18 February 1961
Indian National Congress
03
Binodanand Jha
18 February 1961
02 October 1963
Indian National Congress
04
Krishana Ballabh Sahay
02 October 1963
05 March 1967
Indian National Congress
05
Mahamaya Prasad Sinha
05 March 1967
28 January 1968
Jana Kranti Dal 1
06
Satish Prasad Sinha
28 January 1968
01 February 1968
Indian National Congress
07
B.P.Mondal
01 February 1968
02 March 1968
Indian National Congress
08
Bhola Paswan Shashtri
22 March 1968
29 June 1968
Indian National Congress (0)
President's Rule
29 June 1968
26 February 1969
09
Harihar Singh
26 February 1969
22 June 1969
Indian National Congress
10
Bhola Paswan Shashtri [2]
22 June 1969
04 July 1969
Indian National Congress (0)
President's Rule
06 July 1969
16 February 1970
11
Daroga Prasad Rai
16 February 1970
22 December 1970
Indian National Congress
12
Karpuri Thakur
22 December 1970
02 June 1971
Socialist Party
13
Bhola Paswan Shashtri [3]
02 June 1971
09 January 1972
Indian National Congress
President's Rule
09 January 1972
19 March 1972
Indian National Congress
14
Kedar Pandey
19 March 1972
02 July 1973
Indian National Congress
15
Abdul Gafoor
02 July 1973
11 April 1975
16
Dr. Jagannath Mishra
11 April 1975
30 April 1977
Janata Party
17
Karpuri Thakur
24 June 1977
21 April 1979
Janata Party
18
Ram Sunder Das
21 April 1979
17 February 1980
President's Rule 17 February 1980 08 June 1980
Indian National Congress (1)
19
Dr. Jagannath Mishra [2] 08 June 1980 14 August 1983
Indian National Congress (1)
20
Chandrashekhar singh 14 August 1983 12 March 1985
Indian National Congress (1)
21
Bindeshwari Dubey 12 March 1985 14 Ferruary 1988
Indian National Congress (1)
22
Bhagwat Jha Azad 14 Ferruary 1988 11 March 1989
Indian National Congress (1)
23
Satyendra Narayan Singh 11 March 1989 06 December 1989
Indian National Congress (1)
24
Dr. Jagannath Mishra 06 December 1989 10 March 1990
Janata Dal
25
Laloo Prasad Yadav 10 March 1990 04 April 1995
Janata Dal , Rashtriya Janata Dal
26
Laloo Prasad Yadav [2] 04 April 1995 25 July 1997
Rashtriya Janata Dal
27
Rabri Devi 25 July 1997 09 March 1999
Rashtriya Janata Dal
28
Rabri Devi [2] 09 March 1999 03 March 2000
Janata Dal (United)
29
Nitish Kumar 03 March 2000 11 March 2000
Rashtriya Janata Dal
30
Rabri Devi [3] 11 March 2000 24 November 2005
31
Nitish Kumar [2] 24 November 2005 24 November 2010
Janata Dal (United)
32
Nitish Kumar [3] 26 November 2010 Present
Janata Dal (United)

ELECTED POLITICAL OFFICIALS OF BIHAR

Lok Sabha members of Bihar

#
Name
Party
Constituency
01
Singh,Shri Pradeep Kumar
BJP
Araria(Bihar)
02
Singh,Smt.Meena
JD(U)
Arrah(Bihar)
03
Singh,Shri Sushil Kumar
JD(U)
Aurangabad(Bihar)
04
Singh,Shri Digvijay
Ind.
Banka(Bihar)
05
Hassan,Dr. Monazir
JD(U)
Begusarai(Bihar)
06
Hussain,Shri Syed Shahnawaz
BJP
Bhagalpur(Bihar)
07
Singh,Shri Jagada Nand
RJD
Buxar(Bihar)
08
Azad,Shri Kirti(Jha)
BJP
Darbhanga(Bihar)
09
Manjhi,Shri Hari
BJP
Gaya(Bihar)
10
Ram,Shri Purnmasi
JD(U)
Gopalganj(Bihar)
11
Das,Shri Ram Sundar
JD(U)
Hajipur(Bihar)
12
Sharma,Shri Jagdish
JD(U)
Jahanabad(Bihar)
13
Choudhary,Shri Bhudeo
JD(U)
Jamui(Bihar)
14
Mandal,Shri Mangani Lal
JD(U)
Jhanjharpur(Bihar)
15
Singh,Shri Mahabali
JD(U)
Karakat(Bihar)
16
Choudhary,Shri Nikhil Kumar
BJP
Katihar(Bihar)
17
Yadav,Shri Dinesh Chandra
JD(U)
Khagaria(Bihar)
18
Haque,Shri Mohammad Asrarul
INC
Kishanganj(Bihar)
19
Yadav,Shri Sharad
JD(U)
Madhepura(Bihar)
20
Yadav,Shri Hukamdeo Narayan
BJP
Madhubani(Bihar)
21
Singh,Shri Uma Shanaker
RJD
Maharajganj(Bihar)
22
Singh,Shri Rajiv Ranjan (Lalan)
JD(U)
Munger(Bihar)
23
Nishad,Capt.(Retd.) Jainarayan Prasad
JD(U)
Muzaffarpur(Bihar)
24
Kumar,Shri Kaushalendra
JD(U)
Nalanda(Bihar)
25
Singh,Shri Bhola
BJP
Nawada(Bihar)
26
aiswal,Dr. Sanjay
BJP
Paschim Champaran(Bihar)
27
Yadav,Shri Ranjan Prasad
JD(U)
Pataliputra(Bihar)
28
Sinha,Shri Shatrughan
BJP
Patna Sahib(Bihar)
29
Singh Alias Pappu Singh,Shri Uday
BJP
Purnia(Bihar)
30
Singh,Shri Radha Mohan
BJP
Purvi Champaran (Bihar)
31
Hazari,Shri Maheshwar
JD(U)
Samastipur(Bihar)
32
Lalu Prasad,Shri
RJD
Saran(Bihar)
33
Kumar,Smt. Meira
INC
Sasaram(Bihar)
34
Rama Devi,Smt.
BJP
Sheohar(Bihar)
35
Roy,Shri Arjun
JD(U)
Sitamarhi(Bihar)
36
Yadav,Shri Om Prakash
Ind.
Siwan(Bihar)
37
Kumar,Shri Vishwa Mohan
JD(U)
Supaul(Bihar)
38
Devi, Aswamedh
JD(U)
Ujiarpur(Bihar)
39
Singh,Dr. Raghuvansh Prasad
RJD
Vaishali(Bihar)
40
Mahto,Shri Baidyanath Prasad
JD(U)
Valmiki Nagar(Bihar)

Rajya Sabha Members of Bihar

#
Name
Party
01
Ali Dr. Ejaz
JD(U)
02
Ali Shri Sabir
LJP
03
Ansari Shri Ali Anwar
JD(U)
04
Dhawan Shri R.K.
INC
05
Gupta Shri Prem Chand
RJD
06
Husain Shri Jabir
RJD
07
Mahendra Prasad Dr.
JD(U)
08
Prasad Shri Rajniti
RJD
09
Prasad Shri Ravi Shankar
BJP
10
Rudy Shri Rajiv Pratap
BJP
11
Sahni Shri Mahendra
JD(U)
12
Singh Shri N. K.
JD(U)
13
Thakur Dr. C.P.
BJP
14
Tiwari Shri Shivanand
JD(U)
15
Yadav Shri Subhash Prasad
RJD

FOOD

DRESS

OCCUPATION

The State is well linked by road, state highways, national highways, rural and district roads.

The State has fairly good railway network.

There are airports at Patna and Gaya besides landing grounds in all major districts of the State. After the division of state, most of the industries went off with mineral-rich Jharkhand.

Rest of the industries that the Bihar inherited from its earlier incarnation is mostly agro based. North Bihar has many sugar factories relying on the traditionally good production of sugarcane in the state.

Barauni is the only major industrial center in the state where one can find an oil refinery and many allied industries. Munger has a large cigarette factory of ITC group. Bhagalpur is known for its silk production while Patna is home to many small-scale industries, many of them dealing in scrap iron.

Other than Barauni, there are 2 more important industrial centres namely- Muzaffarpur and Mokama. Muzaffarpur is having industries like Rail Wagon factory, power station and IDPL factory where as Mokama houses important units like Rail wagon factory, Bata leather factory and McDowell Distllary.

Agriculture is the main occupation the people of the State. Principal food grain crops are paddy, wheat, maize, and pulses. Main cash crops are sugarcane, potato, tobacco, oilseeds, onion, chilies, and jute.

IMPORTANT PLACE

Bodhgaya Tourism-

Bodhgaya is where the Buddha attained enlightenment and gave the world a great religion like Buddhism. It is very near the capital city of Patna. At a distance of around 125 km one can easily drive down from Patna. The Mahabodhi Temple is where Buddha attained enlightenment. It has a Peepal tree that is said to have been grown from the branches of the famed tree. The town houses, an Archaeological Museum and monasteries built by people of many Buddhist countries are the main Tourist places in Gaya.

Nalanda Tourism-

At 90 km from Patna, Nalanda is again a days trip from Patna. Nalanda University was one of the greatest centers of Buddhist learning in ancient times and scholars from far and wide came here. Important attractions of Nalanda are the ruins of the Nalanda University, the Hiuen Tsang Memorial Hall, the Surya Mandir, the Nalanda museum, and the Nav Nalanda Vihar.

Vaishali Tourism-

Vaishali is an important spiritual place for both Buddhists and Jains. Vaishali is at a distance of 55 km from Patna. Named after King Visala of Ramayana, Vaishali has the distinction of being the capital of one of the first republics in the world run by the Lichchavis. It is here that Lord Buddha preached his last sermon and announced his approaching Nirvana. Lord Mahavira, the 24th Jain Tirthankara, was born here in Kundligrama (Vaishali) in 599 B.C. Tourist attractions are the Vishwa Shanti Stupa, the Ashokan pillars, and many Buddhist and Jain structures.

Sasaram Tourism-

Sasaram houses the grand and beautiful mausoleum of Sher Shah, the man known for building the Grand Trunk Road across the whole of North India, that included Pakistan at that time. The mausoleum is located in a beautiful lake and looks like a floating structure. Sasaram is 148 km from Patna.

Rajgir Tourism-

At a distance of 102 km off Patna, Rajgir is a well-known pilgrimage destination of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism alike. Before Pataliputra (Patna), Rajgir or Rajgriha was the capital of Magadh. The Swarna Gufa, Griddhakuta Parvat, hot springs, and the Vishwa Shanti Stupa are some of the tourist attractions here.

Gaya Tourism-

Gaya is a Hindu pilgrimage center. Gaya too is easily accessible from Patna at a distance of only 112 km. Gaya houses the Vishnupad (Vishnu footprints) Temple, built by Rani Ahilya Bai of Indore in the 18th century.

LANGUAGE

  • Bhojpuri
  • Magahi
  • Maithili
  • FESTIVALS

    Chatth Puja -

    Chatth Puja is a unique festival where the setting sun is worshipped in Bihar with reverence. With full tradition Chatth festival is celebrated twice a year.

    Sama Chakeva-

    This festival is celebrated in the Mithila region of Bihar dedicated to the brother- sister relationship. It is time when birds migrate from the Himalayas to the plains heralding the beginning of this festival with the girls making and decorating clay idols of various birds

    Ramnavami-

    Ramanavami festival is celebrated with traditional reverence and gaiety in Bihar with people observing seven days fasts. This is the auspicious day when lord Rama was born. Temples dedicated to Lord Rama are beautifully decorated and special prayers are carried out.

    Makar Sankranti-

    This festival marks the end of winter and beginning of the summer season. It is also known as Tila Sankranti. Every year it is observed on the 14th of January. People celebrate it by giving offerings to the poor.

    Bihula

    This festival is celebrated in the Eastern Bihar especially famous in Bhagalpur district. People pray to goddess Mansa for the welfare of their family.

    Madhushravani-

    Madhushravani is celebrated in the month of Sawan (Hindu calendar August all over Mithilanchal in Bihar with enthusiasm and reverence.

    Buddha Jayanti-

    On Buddha Jayanti in the month of Vaisakh (April/May), Buddhists from India and abroad throng to Bodhgaya and Rajgir.

    Mahavir Jayanti-

    There are two major Jain festivals: Mahavir Jayanti (April) which is celebrated with great pomp on Parasnath hill and Deo Diwali (10 days after diwali) which marks the final liberation of Lord Mahavira in Bihar.

    Saurath Sabha-

    Every year for a fortnight in June, the village of Saurath in Madhubani district witnesses a unique gathering of Mithila Brahmins from all over India.It is called Saurath Sabha and is the biggest marriage market. Parents of marriageable children bring horoscopes and negotiate marriages in a vast mango grove.

    Nag Panchmi-

    The rainy month of Sravana when there is danger of death from snake bite, people appease the snake god by offering milk during Nag Panchmi. The prime centre of naga worship is Rajgir and Mahabharata describes this place as the abode of serpents and excavations have revealed numerous objects used in serpent cult. In fact naga worship is wide spread through out India.

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